How people learn a skill is something I know since it is in my field of research. Golf--I know little about. So, I'll keep my comments focused on
how people learn , and with some interpretation for golf. Yes, some people
learn to play a musical instrument as Erik wrote in his original post, starting slowly, hitting the correct notes, and picking the tempo until
they get up to speed. Their emphasis is on the correct notes first; correct tempo/rhythm second. They are said to focus on details first; holism
second. When looking at a painting, their eyes zoom in on the details first, and the overall overview second. Others, though, have an opposite learning
style--they look at the holistic image first, like stepping back and getting an an overall impression of the painting before looking at the details.
When playing a musical instrument, because of the necessity of hitting the correct notes, they may start of being concerned about the notes,
but they quickly transfer their attention to the correct tempo. If you talk to professional musicians at the symphony level, they will probably tell you
that someone at that level needs to have a desire to play at the right tempo, with correct notes second (but they have to be able to play the right notes
also). The reason for for the importance of having a tempo preference is that concert level musicians need to be able to read several measures
beyond the note to be played--they cannot read the music in sync with the note being played. If they are willing to slow it down in order to hit the
right note, they will not be able develop the ability to sight read fast.
Here's what little I know about the relationship between these two learning styles and the golf swing. The first group (note preference) wants to know
all of the details--position of the various parts of the body at different points in the swing, often to an extreme. They can look very mechanical, but the
talented ones can also look very smooth. This smoothness can come for coaching, or it could come from talent. The second group would prefer to focus more
on tempo and rhythm first and the correct details second, but traditional coaching is based on details, so they see the details quickly.
When you hear a competent musician you can't tell which came first--a desire to hit the right notes or a desire to play a the right tempo and rhythm
with artistry. When you see a competent golf swing, you can't tell which came first, the details (positions) or the tempo and rhythm.