Maybe this is more particular to my area than I think...
I know "my yardages" in my head but, living in the pacific northwest and playing year round, I've developed a healthy respect for how much the weather impacts distances--not just roll, which is obvious in wet climates, but carry distance. Playing in 45* weather with high humidity can be more than one club shorter in carry distance than 90* and dry. I try to get a feel for how far the clubs are going to go each day in comparison to my basic standard assumption.
Besides all that, I've found I play much better when I let go of the idea there is a "right" club for a given shot. While I'd almost always hit a SW (56*) from 105 (assuming neutral weather/wind conditions), there are times I launch a LW (60*), and times to go with a GW, PW or even longer club with a particular type of flight or spin for the best chance to get it where I want it.
Golf has evolved into 'dart throwing': hitting it high and long with little roll. This is okay and it's important to know what club to hit in those scenarios as more and more courses are setup with that in mind (knowing your yardages!), but if you play some true links golf and embrace the way those courses work, you start thinking differently about shotmaking choices.