It rarely gets too cold to play around here and most courses, that I play, don't let you out if the temperature is below 40. As far as rain goes...we don't get much light rain. In other words: we play when we can.
I played in the rain during a tournament early last year. It was OK but not something I look forward too. And I've played when the ground was frozen so hard I had to use an awl to make a hole to put the tee peg into. Frozen ground makes for long drives (it's like a big cart path) but it's very tough to land on the greens. Have to run up onto them. Again, not my preference. Lately, I played on a course where I had to use my ball rake in the lakes in the fairways as the fairways were mostly covered in water. I think I must be getting old as I'm finding I really prefer better weather than any of those situations.
Oh golly I'm hot today!!
Kidding aside, when we set the course up for junior PGA kids we just put the tee boxes in the fairway. We also have several senior women who just tee off from the 200 or 150 disks.
Integrity, sportsmanship and character.
Obviously a pretty subjective and selectively applied criteria in the case of the Baseball Hall of Fame. There are definitely some pretty shady characters enshrined in Cooperstown. I think the commonality between the steroid-era guys and the gamblers (like our buddy that played down I-75) is that those guys embarrassed Major League Baseball.