From Rule 4.2...
(2) Deliberately Altered Ball Must Not Be Played. A player must not make a stroke at a ball whose performance characteristics have been deliberately altered, such as by scuffing or heating the ball or by applying any substance (other than in cleaning it).
One of the relatively few places in the rules where intent is a factor. If you deliberately heated the ball, regardless of when you did so, you’re in breach.
Yeah the Patrick Reed is one thing. I was kinda thinking any of the Majors or 2nd tier tournies.
I almost think it might be hard to fully cheat your way to a tourney of that level but I dont know the full history of golf to say so.
It is impossible to generalize but my experience at 3 clubs over the years, the computer terminal is often the peer review. At one high end private where I was a member, the Professional was the HcP Chairmen and his assistants were the rest of the committee. In a stroke play event, one member had three consecutive scores 10-15 shots per round better than his handicap. I had the Pope of Slope calculate the probability of that happening randomly, it was like one out of a trillion or something silly. No, his handicap was not revised. I cannot possibly speak to peer review in general but my observation at any club private or public is that one simply posts their score into the computer at the end of the round. Done.
Unlike in other parts of the world, I have always viewed a USGA handicap with a lot of suspicion for many reasons. For one reason and as an example, say a 5 Hcp playing a true championship course like Bethpage Black or either Winged Feet with narrow fairways, deep rough, firm and very fast greens is going to be a much more skilled player than a 5 Hcp on an average course with wide fairways, modest rough, slower and softer greens, etc. What is often termed a vanity handicap is simply a difference in course conditions and difficulty. We all know that in the UK and Ireland, handicaps were only established based upon tourney scores and no real slope or corpse rating to tilt them and there really was not a way to compare a USGA based 5 HcP to a UK 5 Hcp,