The reason I practice at the range is to improve my swing and work on fixing specific problems I had on the course. (I have a coach).
The best way to "replicate an actual round" is to play actual golf or alternatively, in regards to your "replicate" question: play a round on the simulators that have a hydraulic platform (see picture).
Sure, at the range you can start with the driver, change to long iron etc and end it with a putter and take a short break. However that only replicates the change of clubs.
In my neighborhood almost all golf simulators have hydraulic platforms with artificial mats for rough, sand and fairway.
(That's not me on the picture, it is the first image with a tilted platform that I found on the web)