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Finn07

Two piece golf ball vs Three Piece

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Finn07    0
Can someone explain to me the difference between a two piece, three piece and even four piece golf ball. What are the advantages of playing one over the other and what type of players should play what balls? It would be really helpful. Thanks.

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iacas    4,158
Historically, the more pieces, the more expensive. Why? Because they generate more spin. "Distance" balls spin less, often by being harder. The more layers a ball has, the more it can combine spin (wedges might compress only the outer layers of the ball) with distance (a driver compresses deep into the core).

That's the, uhhh, 3-4 sentence version anyway.

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In addition to what Erik wrote, another big difference is in the materials. 2-piece balls typically have a cover made out of Surlyn, a plastic blend that is very durable, and a core made out of rubber combined with filler (usually something like tungsten) to attain the proper weight. The Surlyn cover is what makes a lot of 2-piece balls feel hard and spin less, though newer blends of the material are softer and spin a little more. But that's why these balls are often called "distance rocks": they go a long way, but they often feel hard and they don't spin much on the greens.

A 3-piece (or 4-piece) ball usually has a softer cover made of urethane. Under the cover is a "mantle layer" of Surlyn, then the rubber core (and in the case of a 4-piece ball, a smaller core within the core). At high swing speeds (driver, long irons) the ball compresses enough that the hard Surlyn mantle layer compresses and snaps back for more distance. At slower speeds, the soft urethane cover stays on the club a millisecond longer and spins more. And the cover gives the ball a much softer feel than a 2-piece ball on short shots and putts.

Some companies are now making 3-piece distance balls (HX Hot is an example) that have a softer Surlyn cover and a harder Surlyn mantle layer. The idea is to get all the distance without the hard feel. They succeed to a degree, but don't confuse those with a high-performance 3-piece ball, like a Pro V1 or a HX Tour.

OK, that's not the 3-sentence version. But I hope it helps.

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