Re: How do I stop coming over the top?There are many reasons why golfers come over the top.
It is important to make use of the correct swing fundamentals and motions from the start.
For example, if you were to take a snap shot at the top of the back swing, you'd want to see yourself in a coiled state with your spine in a power V position and your hips already shifting laterally forward.
To get this coiled effect at the top, don't consciously turn your hips during the back swing. Let your left shoulder do the work by turning back with your arms connected and moving together. You'll want to achieve a large X factor angle, which is the difference between the shoulder turn versus the hip turn. 45 degrees or more is good. Also, don't duck your shoulders and pivot them around your spine as this will twist your back well beyond 90 degrees from address and then eliminate the power V angle you'll want to attain.
One of biggest faults over the toppers are guilty of is starting the downswing with their shoulders by driving/turning the left (assuming a right handed golfer) in a downward motion to hit the ball. This can only force an over the top and outside to in swing path. It also prematurely starts the release of the wrists and cause flipping.
This happens because the potential energy that is stored up in the body at the top is expended too soon. The mass of the arms, hands, club shaft, and club head are closest to the bodies center of rotation (the spine) at the top of the back swing. As the golfer swings down, this mass moves farther away from the axis and momentum travels through them starting from the shoulders to the club head and simultaneously slow the system down. This effect is much like the move a figure skater makes at the end of her routine. She'll start spinning slowly with her arms and leg extended out. As soon as she brings her one extended leg down and hers arms in and over her head, her spin rate increases ten fold. She could re-extend them out to automatically slow her spin rate again.
If you don't want to hit over the top, you must maintain your wrist cock as late as possible in the downswing. You must not release early. To do this, you must swing from the top with the hips only. No arms, no hands, no shoulders. Force the hips to move laterally forward as far as they can go and make no conscious effort to turn them as they will turn automatically do so once they've reached their forward limit.
This will bring your left hip up a little, and tilt your upper torso back while bringing your right elbow down to meet your right hip.
At this point, your club shaft should be level with the ground and co linear with the target line. The wrist cock should still be what it was set to at the top. Now, shift your hands forward toward the target while keeping your wrists passive. In other words, don't use any effort to swing the club head square with your hands and wrists. The release of the angular momentum to the club head will force this pivoting action automatically.
If you do this, you will have hit inside to out and squared the club head up nicely, assuming your grip is sound. There are two main forces of momentum in play here; the arm, hands, and club mass around your spine and the club mass release pivoting from your hands. The momentum from these two forces will carry your right shoulder and torso up and around your left leg.