Why is the penalty for hitting your ball out-of-bounds (stroke and distance) more severe than the penalty for hitting your ball into a lateral hazard (one-stroke penalty)?
At my home course, #8 is marked white down the right side and red down the left side. I fully understand the rules and the difference between white and red stakes. The land to the right side of this hole is not owned by the golf course. My question is posed to help gain an understanding of why the rules were written to penalize the out-of-bounds ball to the right side more severely than the lateral hazard ball to the left in this example.
It would certainly speed play and make the game a little more enjoyable if the rules were amended to allow amateur golfers to take a drop at the point of entry (or should I say exit) on a ball hit out-of-bounds with a one-shot penalty rather than stroke and distance which is essentially a two-shot penalty. No expectation this post will cause a rules change but any thoughts on why the difference in red versus white are appreciated.