The timer rule exists specifically for a ball overhanging the hole because of the possibility that it may fall in if you wait long enough. There’s no reason to just stand around and watch a ball oscillate slightly otherwise.
He could have marked it or he could have just tapped in, both for par. The penalty is simply the additional stroke he should have taken to hole out because he waited too long.
If the ball wasn’t marked and it was moved by natural forces, it has to be played from the new spot.
If it was lifted and replaced and then moved, it has to be replaced in it’s original spot.
A ball marker has to be directly behind or to the side of the ball or a measured distance from the original spot of the ball. You can’t just eyeball the marker a couple of inches from the ball.
Priority piece: Working on the lead shoulder turning down and around center of chest on backswing. Feel is that lead shoulder propels the club head back and up. COVID-19 day-2 drills are helpful. Looks good in video compared to reference video from last lesson.
But contact is all over the face, and I’ve been frustrated lately trying to sort out what has changed. Reviewed some recorded swings from my lessons in March and April compared today. Looks like the flow has gone away.
I tried some rehearsals feeling the trail hip move away from target at start of the backswing (along with shoulder priority piece) before “falling” back to target. Hit some balls at slow speed and immediately contact and low point control improved significantly. Did this for about 45 minutes after kids went to bed. Probably hit 30 balls, most strikes centered between the grooves, with a couple toe/heel/fat strikes.
Moral of the story is to not sacrifice gains from previous priority pieces for the latest one. Also I should film more often. Actually ordered a Live View Pro camera to facilitate this and hopefully prevent future regression.
Day 57. Despite it being a busy day, I found ten minutes to hit a few slow 6-iron shots, priority piece (setup, takeaway) and slow swings. As usual, this was indoors, off a mat, into a net, real balls when hitting.
I believe you are allowed a reasonable amount of time (I don't think it's a predefined limit, but it's somewhere between Brian Gay walking right up after not knocking a putt in and Don January waiting half an hour, closer to the former than the latter) and then ten seconds, after which it is deemed at rest.